Forex strategies that are traded based on strict mathematical rules with no ambiguous conditions and no important trading decisions to be made by the trader are called mechanical. A good example of a mechanical system is a moving average cross strategy, where MA periods are given and positions are entered and exited exactly at the point of cross. When working with mechanical trading strategy, it is easy to backtest one and determine its profitability. You can also automate such system via MetaTrader expert advisors or any other trading software. The usual drawback of such strategies is their lack of flexibility before the fundamental changes in the market behavior. Mechanical strategies are a good choice for traders knowledgeable in trading automation and backtesting.
You may have heard that maintaining your discipline is a key aspect of trading. While this is true, how can you ensure you enforce that discipline when you are in a trade? One way to help is to have a trading strategy that you can stick to. If it is well-reasoned and back-tested, you can be confident that you are using one of the successful Forex trading strategies. That confidence will make it easier to follow the rules of your strategy—therefore, to maintain your discipline.
Sometimes a market breaks out of a range, moving below the support or above the resistance to start a trend. How does this happen? When support breaks down and a market moves to new lows, buyers begin to hold off. This is because buyers are constantly noticing cheaper prices being established and want to wait for a bottom to be reached. At the same time, there will be traders who are selling in panic or simply being forced out of their positions.
Some of the other best forex trading strategies are based on the technical analysis. This method is particularly important in day trading. Technical analysis is useful to traders in that it gives them an indication of times when they can enter or exit the market. It also helps the trader to make the most out of the existing market status. Given below are brief explanations of some of the technical analysis based trading strategies.
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These are indicators that help the trader to analyze charts and can be used by itself or as a helping tool in other strategies. Traders can make successful traders just by watching the price changes that are very obvious to them and drawing their horizontal levels. However, a better understanding of the horizontal levels in more complex charts helps them to spot trends that they would have otherwise missed.
Day trading - These are trades that are exited before the end of the day, as the name suggests. This removes the chance of being adversely affected by large moves overnight. Day trading strategies are usually the perfect forex trading strategies for beginners. Trades may last only a few hours, and price bars on charts might typically be set to one or two minutes. The 50-pips a day forex strategy is a good example of a day trading strategy.
To what extent fundamentals are used varies from trader to trader. At the same time, the best FX strategies invariably utilize action. This is also known as technical analysis. When it comes to technical currency trading strategies, there are two main styles: trend following, and counter-trend trading. Both of these FX trading strategies try to profit by recognising and exploiting price patterns.
Fundamental Forex strategies are strategies based on purely fundamental factors that stand behind the bought and sold currencies. Various fundamental indicators, such as interest rates and macroeconomic statistics, affect the behavior of the Forex market. These strategies are quite popular and will benefit long-term traders that prefer fundamental data analysis over technical factors:

This method is all about analyzing important news happenings on different fronts in a nation and understanding the implications that they will have on the currency market. The trader will then place the trades accordingly. The market moves in an unpredictable manner when there are sudden political or economic happenings in any nation. As the forex market operates round the clock, news flows in from all parts of the world. Trading on the basis of economic news and data suits all kinds of traders wherever they are and whichever currency they choose to trade.

Apart from the entry/exit rules and optional money management guidelines, strategies are often characterized by the list of trading tools required to employ the given strategy. These tools are usually charts, technical or fundamental indicators, some market data or anything else that can be used in trading. When choosing a strategy, you need to understand, which of the required tools you have in possession.