Childbirth, referred to as labor and delivery in the medical field, is the process whereby an infant is born. This condition may result from inadequate intake of iron or from blood loss. The uterus, the muscular organ that holds the developing fetus, can expand up to 20 times its normal size during pregnancy. Tell them about your use of marijuana and any other drugs, including tobacco and alcohol. Menarche Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase.
According to Allen, it's best to talk to your doctor about which varieties of fish are acceptable and which you should stay away from throughout the course of your pregnancy, as recommendations can change depending on your region or new research. Some kinds of fish can contain higher levels of mercury, which can be dangerous for the baby.
You'd rather know which are considered okay and which aren't ahead of time. Veggie sprouts are delicious, but, according to the Food and Drug Administration FDA , pregnant women should not eat raw vegetable sprouts because they're considered high risk for pathogens that can cause food borne illnesses.
Taking the extra step to thoroughly cook the sprouts before eating them is considered a lower risk option rather than eating them raw.
According to WebMD , lunch meats are, like hot dogs and sausages, also not a good idea to eat while pregnant. Lunch meats can also cause listeriosis, which can raise your risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and illness. It's worth noting, however, that in an interview with WebMD, Dr. Michael Lu, professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and public health at UCLA, said that lunch meats can be okay to eat if you heat them up until they're steaming and clearly cooked through prior to eating them.
If taking the extra step to cook your lunch meat before making yourself a sandwich seems like too much work, you might want to avoid it altogether until after you give birth. Salad bars and prepared salads can make workday lunchtime a breeze, but you should think twice if you're pregnant. In an interview with Health , Sarah Krieger, a registered dietitian who specializes in maternal and prenatal nutrition, said that there are many reasons why the salad bar is off limits.
You can't necessarily guarantee that the temperature has been kept consistently low enough to ensure food safety. You also may not know whether or not any of the ingredients such as cheese or salad dressings are made with unpasteurized ingredients. Finally, the ingredients could have been sitting out for longer than two hours, which increases the risk of food borne illnesses.
Stay away from the salad bar until after your pregnancy is over. If you normally eat a relatively healthy, well-balanced diet, you likely don't need to change up your regular diet all that much when you become pregnant. That being said, there are still some important guidelines and a few foods that you should definitely know about so that you can avoid illness and risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, or birth defects.
Knowing which foods eat and which to avoid can keep both you and your baby both safe and healthy throughout the entirety of your pregnancy, up until the moment you get to meet your little one. Beans and lentils Shutterstock. Raw dough or batter Shutterstock. Certain types of fish Shutterstock. Raw veggie sprouts Shutterstock. When the baby is delivered by a C-section, it takes longer for the woman to recover from childbirth. It is a serious problem that needs to be watched closely and managed by her doctor.
High blood pressure can cause harm to both the woman and her unborn baby. It might lead to the baby being born early and also could cause seizures or a stroke a blood clot or a bleed in the brain that can lead to brain damage in the woman during labor and delivery. Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure more often than women without diabetes. Being born too early can result in problems for the baby, such as breathing problems, heart problems, bleeding into the brain, intestinal problems, and vision problems.
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are more likely to deliver early than women without diabetes. People with diabetes who take insulin or other diabetes medications can develop blood sugar that is too low.
Low blood sugar can be very serious, and even fatal, if not treated quickly. Seriously low blood sugar can be avoided if women watch their blood sugar closely and treat low blood sugar early. A miscarriage is a loss of the pregnancy before 20 weeks. A ounce glass of caffeinated soda contains anywhere from mg of caffeine.
Remember, chocolate especially dark chocolate contains caffeine -- sometimes a significant amount. The use of saccharin is strongly discouraged during pregnancy, because it can cross the placenta and may remain in fetal tissues. But, the use of other non-nutritive or artificial sweeteners approved by the FDA is acceptable during pregnancy. These sweeteners are considered safe in moderation, so talk with your health care provider about how much non-nutritive sweetener is acceptable during pregnancy.
For a person eating calories a day, this would be 65 grams of fat or less per day. Limit cholesterol intake to mg or less per day. Do not eat shark, swordfish, king mackerel, or tilefish also called white snapper , because they contain high levels of mercury. Avoid soft cheeses such as feta, Brie, Camembert, blue-veined, and Mexican-style cheese. These cheeses are often unpasteurized and may cause Listeria infection. Avoid raw fish, especially shellfish like oysters and clams.
Here are some suggestions: Eat crackers, cereal, or pretzels before getting out of bed; eat small, frequent meals throughout the day; avoid fatty, fried, spicy, and greasy foods. Eat more fresh fruit and vegetables. Also, drink 6 to 8 glasses of water a day. Taking fiber supplements may also help. Check with your doctor first. Eat more foods that contain pectin and gums two types of dietary fiber to help absorb excess water. Examples of these foods are applesauce, bananas, white rice, oatmeal, and refined wheat bread.
Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day; try drinking milk before eating; and limit caffeinated foods and beverages, citric beverages, and spicy foods. Continued The following guidelines will help ensure that you are consuming enough calcium throughout your pregnancy: RDA for teenage girls up to age 18 is 1, mg of calcium per day. Eating and drinking at least four servings of dairy products and calcium-rich foods a day will help ensure that you are getting the appropriate amount of calcium in your daily diet.
The best sources of calcium are dairy products, including milk, cheese, yogurt, cream soups, and pudding. Calcium is also found in foods including green vegetables broccoli, spinach, and greens , seafood, dried peas, and beans. Vitamin D will help your body use calcium. Adequate amounts of vitamin D can be obtained through exposure to the sun and in fortified milk, eggs, and fish.
Use Lactaid Milk fortified with calcium. Talk to your dietitian about other lactose-reduced products. You may be able to tolerate certain milk products that contain less sugar including cheese, yogurt, and cottage cheese. Eat non-dairy calcium sources, including greens, broccoli, sardines, and tofu.
Try consuming small amounts of milk with meals. Milk is better tolerated with food. In addition, the following guidelines will help: Eating at least three servings of iron-rich foods a day will help ensure that you are getting 27 mg of iron in your daily diet.
One of the best ways to get iron from your diet is to consume a highly fortified breakfast cereal. Note that iron intake is not equal to iron absorption. Absorption of iron into the body is greatest with meat sources of iron such as liver. The best sources of iron include enriched grain products, lean meat, poultry, fish, and leafy green vegetables. What Are Good Sources of Iron? Lean beef, chicken, clams, crab, egg yolk, fish, lamb, liver , oysters, pork, sardines, shrimp, turkey, and veal Vegetables: Black-eyed peas, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collard and turnip greens, lima beans, sweet potatoes, and spinach Legumes: Dry beans and peas, lentils, and soybeans Fruits: All berries, apricots, dried fruits, including prunes, raisins and apricots, grapes, grapefruit, oranges, plums, prune juice, and watermelon Breads and Cereals: Enriched rice and pasta, soft pretzel, and whole grain and enriched or fortified breads and cereals Other Foods: