Nazi Germany

Automatic Bibliography Maker

Acronyms and Abbreviations
Successive Reichsstatthalter decrees between and abolished the existing Länder constituent states of Germany and replaced them with new administrative divisions , the Gaue , headed by NSDAP leaders Gauleiters , who governed their respective regions. In Conclusion Every reality, whether fake or real , manifests as a consequence of where we are consciously at in our lives. So, next time you hear an Israeli Prime Minister bleating about the so-called persecution of the Jews, consider this, every Prime Minister of Israel has been an Ashkenazi Jew. The Generalplan Ost "General Plan for the East" called for deporting the population of occupied Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union to Siberia, for use as slave labour or to be murdered. There is plenty of evidence to prove the Rothschilds continue that deceptive tradition. Like the Jews, the Romani people were subjected to persecution from the early days of the regime.

Vaccine Magic Explained: Even When it’s the Wrong Strain, it Still Kinda Works by “Vaccine Magic”

Topic Index

On the night of 27 February , the Reichstag building was set afire. Marinus van der Lubbe , a Dutch communist, was found guilty of starting the blaze. Hitler proclaimed that the arson marked the start of a communist uprising.

Violent suppression of communists by the Sturmabteilung SA was undertaken nationwide and 4, members of the Communist Party of Germany were arrested. The Reichstag Fire Decree , imposed on 28 February , rescinded most civil liberties, including rights of assembly and freedom of the press. The decree also allowed the police to detain people indefinitely without charges or a court order.

The legislation was accompanied by a propaganda blitz that led to public support for the measure. In March , the Enabling Act , an amendment to the Weimar Constitution , passed in the Reichstag by a vote of to The remaining major political parties followed suit: The founding of new parties was also made illegal, and all remaining political parties which had not already been dissolved were banned.

In the following months, the Hitler cabinet used the terms of the Reichstag Fire Decree and later the Enabling Act to initiate the process of Gleichschaltung "co-ordination" , which brought all aspects of life under the control of the party.

These Commissars had the power to appoint and remove local governments, state parliaments, and officials and judges. In this way Germany became a de facto unitary state , with all state governments controlled by the central government under the NSDAP. The state governments were subsequently rendered subordinate to the Reich government.

All civilian organisations, including agricultural groups, volunteer organisations, and sports clubs, had their leadership replaced with Nazi sympathisers or party members; these civic organisations either merged with the NSDAP or faced dissolution. The celebrations were merely a pretext for the forcible takeover of Germany's trade unions. While many trade union delegates were in Berlin for May Day activities, SA stormtroopers demolished union offices around the country.

On 2 May all trade unions were forced to dissolve and their leaders were arrested. The Nazi regime also abolished the symbols of the Weimar Republic—including the black, red, and gold tricolour flag —and adopted reworked imperial symbolism. The previous imperial black, white, and red tricolour was restored as one of Germany's two official flags; the second was the swastika flag of the NSDAP, which became the sole national flag in Hitler knew that reviving the economy was vital.

Germany was still in a dire economic situation, as six million people were unemployed and the balance of trade deficit was daunting. Shortly after the NSDAP's seizure of power, the demands of the SA for greater political and military power began to cause anxiety among military, industrial, and political leaders. Ernst Röhm , Stabschef Chief of Staff of the SA, regarded the SA as the vanguard of the Nazi seizure of power and supported a "second revolution" directed against German businesses, the finance industry, the Junkers , and even the senior staff of the German military.

Röhm envisioned the SA supplanting the Reichswehr Defense Force as the country's primary army, with himself and the leadership of the SA at its head. On 2 August , President von Hindenburg died. The previous day, the cabinet had enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich", which stated that upon Hindenburg's death the office of president would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the chancellor. The new law altered the traditional loyalty oath of servicemen so that they affirmed loyalty to Hitler personally rather than the office of supreme commander or the state.

Most Germans were relieved that the conflicts and street fighting of the Weimar era had ended. They were deluged with propaganda orchestrated by Joseph Goebbels , who promised peace and plenty for all in a united, Marxist-free country without the constraints of the Versailles Treaty. Beginning in April , scores of measures defining the status of Jews and their rights were instituted at the regional and national level.

They eventually declared them undesirable to remain among German citizens and society, which over time dehumanised the Jews. Arguably, these actions desensitised Germans to the extent that it resulted in the Holocaust.

Ethnic Germans who refused to ostracise Jews or who showed any signs of resistance to Nazi propaganda were placed under surveillance by the Gestapo , had their rights removed, or were sent to concentration camps. Following the passage of the Enabling Act and the NSDAP seizure of power in early , Hitler found Germany without allies and with a military still drastically weakened by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. France, Poland, Italy, and the Soviet Union each had motivations to object to Hitler's rise to power.

Poland suggested to France that the two nations engage in a preventive war against Germany in March Fascist Italy meanwhile objected to potential German claims in the Balkans and on Austria , which Duce Benito Mussolini considered to be in Italy's sphere of influence. Foreign policy under Hitler repeatedly stressed Germany's peaceful intentions to the rest of the world, while at the same time conducting a rearmament programme in secret without risking international sanctions or war.

On 17 May , Hitler gave a speech before the Reichstag outlining his desire for world peace , while at the same time accepting an offer from American President Franklin D.

Roosevelt for military disarmament, provided the other nations of Europe did the same. In , Hitler told his military leaders that was the target date for going to war in the east. When the Italian invasion of Ethiopia led to only mild protests by the British and French governments, on 7 March Hitler used the Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance as a pretext to order the Wehrmacht Heer to march 3, troops into the demilitarised zone in the Rhineland in violation of the Versailles Treaty.

These included tanks, planes, and the Condor Legion , which destroyed the city of Guernica during the war. The Nationalists were victorious in and became an informal ally of Nazi Germany. Schuschnigg scheduled a plebiscite regarding Austrian independence for 13 March, but Hitler demanded that it be cancelled. The Wehrmacht entered Austria the next day, to be greeted with enthusiasm by the populace. The Republic of Czechoslovakia was home to a substantial minority of Germans, who lived mostly in the Sudetenland.

Under pressure from separatist groups within the Sudeten German Party , the Czechoslovak government offered economic concessions to the region.

The crisis led to war preparations by the British, the Czechoslovaks, and France Czechoslovakia's ally.

Attempting to avoid war, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arranged a series of meetings, the result of which was the Munich Agreement , signed on 29 September The Czechoslovak government was forced to accept the Sudetenland's annexation into Germany.

Chamberlain was greeted with cheers when he landed in London, saying it brought "peace for our time". Austrian and Czech foreign exchange reserves were seized by the Nazis, as were stockpiles of raw materials such as metals and completed goods such as weaponry and aircraft, which were shipped to Germany.

The Reichswerke Hermann Göring industrial conglomerate took control of steel and coal production facilities in both countries. In January , Germany signed a non-aggression pact with Poland, which disrupted the French network of anti-German alliances in Eastern Europe. The British announced they would come to the aid of Poland if it was attacked. Hitler, believing the British would not actually take action, ordered an invasion plan should be readied for a target date of September The Germans reaffirmed their alliance with Italy and signed non-aggression pacts with Denmark, Estonia, and Latvia whilst trade links were formalised with Romania, Norway, and Sweden.

Germany's wartime foreign policy involved the creation of allied governments under direct or indirect control from Berlin. A main goal was obtaining soldiers from the senior allies such as Italy and Hungary and workers and food supplies from subservient allies such as Vichy France. Although Japan was a powerful ally, the relationship was distant, with little co-ordination or co-operation.

For example, Germany refused to share their formula for synthetic oil from coal until late in the war. Honouring their treaty obligations, Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Initially the intention was to deport them further east, or possibly to Madagascar.

But little other activity occurred until May, so the period became known as the " Phoney War ". From the start of the war, a British blockade on shipments to Germany affected the Reich economy. The Germans were particularly dependent on foreign supplies of oil, coal, and grain. On 9 April, Germany invaded both nations.

Denmark fell after less than a day , while most of Norway was also under German occupation by the end of the month. Against the judgement of many of his senior military officers, Hitler ordered an attack on France and the Low Countries , which began in May after months of delay.

In spite of the provisions of the Hague Convention , industrial firms in the Netherlands, France and Belgium were put to work producing war materiel for the occupying German military. Officials viewed this option as being preferable to their citizens being deported to the Reich as forced labour.

The Nazis seized from the French thousands of locomotives and rolling stock, stockpiles of weapons, and raw materials such as copper, tin, oil, and nickel. Grand Admiral Erich Raeder had advised Hitler in June that air superiority was a pre-condition for a successful invasion of Britain , so Hitler ordered a series of aerial attacks on Royal Air Force RAF airbases and radar stations, as well as nightly air raids on British cities, including London, Plymouth , and Coventry.

The German Luftwaffe failed to defeat the RAF in what became known as the Battle of Britain , and by the end of October, Hitler realised that air superiority could not be achieved. He permanently postponed the invasion, a plan which the commanders of the Wehrmacht had never taken entirely seriously. On 22 June , contravening the Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact, 5. In addition to Hitler's stated purpose of acquiring Lebensraum , this large-scale offensive—codenamed Operation Barbarossa —was intended to destroy the Soviet Union and seize its natural resources for subsequent aggression against the Western powers.

The invasion conquered a huge area, including the Baltic republics, Belarus , and West Ukraine. After the successful Battle of Smolensk , Hitler ordered Army Group Centre to halt its advance to Moscow and temporarily divert its Panzer groups to aid in the encirclement of Leningrad and Kiev.

The Moscow offensive, which resumed in October , ended disastrously in December. Four days later, Germany declared war on the United States.

Food was in short supply in the conquered areas of the Soviet Union and Poland, with rations inadequate to meet nutritional needs.

The retreating armies had burned the crops and much of the remainder was sent back to the Reich. The harvest was good, and food supplies remained adequate in Western Europe. Germany and Europe as a whole was almost totally dependent on foreign oil imports. Soviet forces continued to push the invaders westward after the failed German offensive at the Battle of Kursk and by the end of the Germans had lost most of their Eastern territorial gains.

By targeting oil refineries and factories, they crippled the German war effort by late Hitler also ordered the destruction of transport, bridges, industries, and other infrastructure—a scorched earth decree—but Armaments Minister Albert Speer was able to keep this order from being fully carried out. Suicide rates in Germany increased as the war drew to a close, particularly in areas where the Red Army was advancing.

More than a thousand people out of a population of around 16, committed suicide in Demmin on and around 1 May as the 65th Army of 2nd Belorussian Front first broke into a distillery and then rampaged through the town, committing mass rapes, arbitrarily executing civilians, and setting fire to buildings.

High numbers of suicides took place in many other locations, including Neubrandenburg dead , Stolp in Pommern 1, dead , [] and Berlin, where at least 7, people committed suicide in Estimates of the total German war dead range from 5.

At the end of the war, Europe had more than 40 million refugees , [] its economy had collapsed, and 70 percent of its industrial infrastructure was destroyed. The Saarland temporarily became a protectorate of France under the condition that its residents would later decide by referendum which country to join, and Poland became a separate nation and was given access to the sea by the creation of the Polish Corridor, which separated Prussia from the rest of Germany, while Danzig was made a free city.

Germany regained control of the Saarland through a referendum held in and annexed Austria in the Anschluss of Some of the conquered territories were incorporated into Germany as part of Hitler's long-term goal of creating a Greater Germanic Reich. Several areas, such as Alsace-Lorraine, were placed under the authority of an adjacent Gau regional district. Beyond the incorporated territories were the Reichskommissariate Reich Commissariats , quasi-colonial regimes established in some occupied countries.

Areas placed under German administration included the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia , Reichskommissariat Ostland encompassing the Baltic states and Belarus , and Reichskommissariat Ukraine. Part of Poland was incorporated into the Reich, and the General Government was established in occupied central Poland. With the issuance of the Berlin Declaration on 5 June and later creation of the Allied Control Council , the four Allied powers temporarily assumed governance of Germany.

Germany was split into four zones, each occupied by one of the Allied powers, who drew reparations from their zone. Since most of the industrial areas were in the western zones, the Soviet Union was transferred additional reparations. In , Germany finalised her border with Poland by signing the Treaty of Warsaw. The NSDAP was a far-right political party which came into its own during the social and financial upheavals that occurred with the onset of the Great Depression in Influenced by the Völkisch movement , the regime was against cultural modernism and supported the development of an extensive military at the expense of intellectualism.

Hitler ruled Germany autocratically by asserting the Führerprinzip "leader principle" , which called for absolute obedience of all subordinates. He viewed the government structure as a pyramid, with himself—the infallible leader—at the apex. Party rank was not determined by elections, and positions were filled through appointment by those of higher rank. Germans speak with mystification of Hitler's 'hypnotic' appeal". Top officials reported to Hitler and followed his policies, but they had considerable autonomy.

Successive Reichsstatthalter decrees between and abolished the existing Länder constituent states of Germany and replaced them with new administrative divisions , the Gaue , headed by NSDAP leaders Gauleiters , who governed their respective regions.

This led to a bureaucratic tangle of overlapping jurisdictions and responsibilities typical of the administrative style of the Nazi regime. Jewish civil servants lost their jobs in , except for those who had seen military service in World War I. In August , civil servants and members of the military were required to swear an oath of unconditional obedience to Hitler.

These laws became the basis of the Führerprinzip , the concept that Hitler's word overrode all existing laws. Most of the judicial system and legal codes of the Weimar Republic remained in use during and after the Nazi era to deal with non-political crimes. Thousands were arrested and confined indefinitely without trial. A new type of court, the Volksgerichtshof People's Court , was established in to deal with politically important matters.

In September , the Nuremberg Laws were enacted. These laws initially prohibited sexual relations and marriages between Aryans and Jews and were later extended to include "Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring". The wording of the law also permitted the Nazis to deny citizenship to anyone who was not supportive enough of the regime.

The unified armed forces of Germany from to were called the Wehrmacht. This included the Heer army , Kriegsmarine navy , and the Luftwaffe air force. From 2 August , members of the armed forces were required to pledge an oath of unconditional obedience to Hitler personally. In contrast to the previous oath, which required allegiance to the constitution of the country and its lawful establishments, this new oath required members of the military to obey Hitler even if they were being ordered to do something illegal.

In spite of efforts to prepare the country militarily, the economy could not sustain a lengthy war of attrition such as had occurred in World War I. A strategy was developed based on the tactic of Blitzkrieg "lightning war" , which involved using quick coordinated assaults that avoided enemy strong points. Attacks began with artillery bombardment, followed by bombing and strafing runs. Next the tanks would attack and finally the infantry would move in to secure the captured area.

The decision to attack the Soviet Union and the decisive defeat at Stalingrad led to the retreat of the German armies and the eventual loss of the war. Röhm hoped to assume command of the army and absorb it into the ranks of the SA. Up to people were killed from 30 June to 2 July in an event that became known as the Night of the Long Knives.

Initially a force of a dozen men under the auspices of the SA, the Schutzstaffel SS; Protection Squadron grew to become one of the largest and most powerful groups in Nazi Germany. Himmler hoped it would eventually replace the existing police system. This holding company owned housing corporations, factories, and publishing houses.

From forward, the SS was heavily involved in the persecution of Jews, who were rounded up into ghettos and concentration camps. The most pressing economic matter the Nazis initially faced was the 30 percent national unemployment rate. Hjalmar Schacht , President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, created in May a scheme for deficit financing.

Capital projects were paid for with the issuance of promissory notes called Mefo bills. When the notes were presented for payment, the Reichsbank printed money. Hitler and his economic team expected that the upcoming territorial expansion would provide the means of repaying the soaring national debt.

On 17 October , aviation pioneer Hugo Junkers , owner of the Junkers Aircraft Works , was arrested, and within a few days his company was expropriated. In concert with other aircraft manufacturers and under the direction of Aviation Minister Göring, production was ramped up industry-wide.

From a workforce of 3, people producing units per year in , the industry grew to employ a quarter of a million workers manufacturing over 10, technically advanced aircraft annually less than ten years later. An elaborate bureaucracy was created to regulate imports of raw materials and finished goods with the intention of eliminating foreign competition in the German marketplace and improving the nation's balance of payments.

The Nazis encouraged the development of synthetic replacements for materials such as oil and textiles. Any profits in excess of that amount would be turned over to the Reich. By , Farben regretted making the deal, as the excess profits by then being generated had to be given to the government. Major public works projects financed with deficit spending included the construction of a network of Autobahnen and providing funding for programmes initiated by the previous government for housing and agricultural improvements.

Envisioning widespread car ownership as part of the new Germany, Hitler arranged for designer Ferdinand Porsche to draw up plans for the KdF-wagen Strength Through Joy car , intended to be an automobile that everyone could afford.

With the outbreak of World War II, the factory was converted to produce military vehicles. None were sold until after the war, when the vehicle was renamed the Volkswagen people's car.

Six million people were unemployed when the Nazis took power in and by there were fewer than a million. By early , the focus shifted from funding work creation schemes, towards rearmament. By , military expenditures accounted for 73 percent of the government's purchases of goods and services. The Nazi war economy was a mixed economy that combined a free market with central planning.

Historian Richard Overy described it as being somewhere in between the command economy of the Soviet Union and the capitalist system of the United States. Germany imported and enslaved some 12 million people from 20 European countries to work in factories and on farms.

Approximately 75 percent were Eastern European. Poor living conditions led to high rates of sickness, injury and death, as well as sabotage and criminal activity. Foreign workers brought into Germany were put into four different classifications: Each group was subject to different regulations.

In addition, the Nazis issued a ban on sexual relations between Germans and foreign workers. By over a half million women served as auxiliaries in the German armed forces. They also took over jobs formerly held by men, especially on farms and in family-owned shops.

Very heavy strategic bombing by the Allies targeted refineries producing synthetic oil and gasoline , as well as the German transportation system, especially rail yards and canals.

By November, fuel coal was no longer reaching its destinations and the production of new armaments was no longer possible. During the course of the war, the Nazis extracted considerable amounts of plunder from the territories and nations they conquered across Europe. Historian and war correspondent William L. By February , the Reichsfinanzministerium Ministry of Finance had calculated that 48 billion Reichsmarks had been paid to Germany. By the end of the war, occupation costs were calculated by the Nazis to number 60 billion Reichsmarks, with France alone paying The Bank of France was also forced to provide 4.

The Nazis exploited other conquered nations in a similar way. After the war, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey concluded Germany had obtained billion Reichsmarks in the form of occupation costs and other wealth transfers from the whole of occupied Europe, including two-thirds of the gross domestic product of Belgium and the Netherlands.

Nazi plunder included private and public art collections, artefacts, precious metals, books, and personal possessions. Hitler and Göring in particular were interested in acquiring looted art treasures from occupied Europe, [] the former planning to use the stolen art to fill the galleries of the planned Führermuseum Leader's Museum , [] and the latter for his personal collection.

Göring, having stripped almost all of occupied Poland of its artworks within six months of Germany's invasion, ultimately grew a collection valued at over 50 million Reichsmarks. France saw the greatest extent of Nazi plunder. Some 26, railroad cars of art treasures, furniture, and other looted items were sent to Germany from France. Goods and raw materials were also taken. In France, an estimated 9,, tonnes 8,, long tons; 9,, short tons of cereals were seized and transported to Germany during the course of the war.

The valuation of this loot is estimated to be The plunder of Poland for raw materials began even before Germany had finished its invasion of the country. Poland can only be administered by utilizing the country through means of ruthless exploitation, deportation of all supplies, raw materials, machines, factory instilations, ect.

Poland shall be treated as a colony. The Poles shall be the slaves of the Greater German Reich. Following Operation Barbarossa, the Soviet Union was also plundered. In alone, 9,, tons of cereals, 2,, tonnes 2,, long tons; 2,, short tons of fodder, 3,, tonnes 3,, long tons; 3,, short tons of potatoes, and , tonnes , long tons; , short tons of meats were sent back to Germany.

By the time the last German troops left Soviet territory in , some 12 million pigs and 13 million sheep had also been taken. The total value of Germany's plunder of the Soviet Union is estimated at 4 billion Reichsmarks.

This relatively low number in comparison to the occupied nations of Western Europe can be attributed to the devastating fighting on the Eastern Front. Nazi Germany's racial policy was based on their belief in the existence of a superior master race. The Nazis postulated the existence of a racial conflict between the Aryan master race and inferior races, particularly Jews, who were viewed as a mixed race that had infiltrated society and were responsible for the exploitation and repression of the Aryan race.

Discrimination against Jews began immediately after the seizure of power. Following a month-long series of attacks by members of the SA on Jewish businesses and synagogues, on 1 April Hitler declared a national boycott of Jewish businesses. The regime used violence and economic pressure to encourage Jews to voluntarily leave the country. Rockefeller, to form an oil business called Standard Oil which eventually takes over all of its competition.

In a statement to Congress, President Abraham Lincoln states; "I have two great enemies, the Southern Army in front of me, and the financial institutions in the rear. Of the two, the one in my rear is my greatest foe. Jacob Schiff Following a brief training period in the Rothschilds London Bank, Jacob Schiff, a Rothschild, born in their house in Frankfurt, arrives in America at the age of 18, with instructions and the finance necessary to buy into a banking house there.

The purpose of this was to carry out the following tasks. Jacob James Mayer Rothschild dies, shortly after purchasing Château Lafite, one of the four great premier grand cru estates of France.

Nathaniel de Rothschild dies. An American General named, Albert Pike, who had been enticed into the Illuminati by Guissepe Mazzini, completes his military blueprint for three world wars and various revolutions throughout the world, culminating into moving this great conspiracy into its final stage.

Albert Pike The first world war is to be fought for the purpose of destroying the Tsar in Russia,as promised by Nathan Mayer Rothschild in The Tsar is to be replaced with communism which is to be used to attack religions, predominantly Christianity. The differences between the British and German empires are to be used to forment this war.

The second world war is to be used to forment the controversy between facism and political zionism with the slaughter of Jews in Germany a lynchpin in bringing hatred against the German people. This is designed to destroy fascism which the Rothschilds created and increase the power of political zionism.

This war is also designed to increase the power of communism to the level that it equalled that of united Christendom. The third world war was to be played out by stirring up hatred of the Muslim world for the purposes of playing the Islamic world and the political zionists off against one another.

Whilst this is going on, the remaining nations would be forced to fight themselves into a state of mental, physical, spiritual and economic exhaustion. On August 15th of this year, Albert Pike writes a letter now catalogued in the British Museum to Guiseppe Mazzini in which he states the following; "We shall unleash the nihilists and the atheists and we shall provoke a great social cataclysm which in all its horror will show clearly to all nations the effect of absolute atheism; the origins of savagery and of most bloody turmoil.

Then everywhere, the people will be forced to defend themselves against the world minority of the world revolutionaries and will exterminate those destroyers of civilization and the multitudes disillusioned with Christianity whose spirits will be from that moment without direction and leadership and anxious for an ideal, but without knowledge where to send its adoration, will receive the true light through the universal manifestation of the pure doctrine of Lucifer brought finally out into public view.

A manifestation which will result from a general reactionary movement which will follow the destruction of Christianity and Atheism; both conquered and exterminated at the same time. I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.

I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. The Rothschilds order the execution by the Bolsheviks they control, of Tsar Nicholas II and his entire family in Russia, even though the Tsar had already abdicated on March 2. It is extremely important for them to slaughter the entire family including women and children in order to make good on the promise to do so made by Nathan Mayer Rothschild in It is designed to show the world what happens if you ever attempt to cross the Rothschilds.

Congressman Oscar Callaway informs Congress that J. Morgan is a Rothschild front and has taken control of the American media industry. Versailles peace conference The Versailles peace conference is held to decide reparations that the Germans need to pay to the victors following the end of the first world war.

A delegation of Zionists headed up by Ashkenazi Jew, Bernard Baruch, bring up the subject of the promise of Palestine for them. At this point the Germans realised why America had turned on them and under whose influence, the Rothschilds. The Germans, naturally, felt they had been betrayed by the Zionists. This is because, at the time the Rothschilds made their deal with Britain for Palestine, in exchange for bringing America into the war, Germany was the most friendly country in the world towards the Jews, indeed the German Emancipation Edict of guaranteed Jews in Germany all civil rights enjoyed by Germans.

Also, Germany was the only country in Europe which did not place restrictions on Jews, even giving them refuge when they had to flee from Russia after their first attempted Communist coup failed there in Nevertheless, the Rothschilds had held up their side of the bargain to spill the blood of millions of innocents and as a result, Palestine is confirmed as a Jewish homeland, and whilst its handover to the Rothschilds takes place it is to remain under the control of Britain as the Rothschilds control Britain.

At that time less than one percent of the population of Palestine was Jewish. Interestingly, the host of the Versailles peace conference is its boss, Baron Edmond de Rothschild. The Versailles peace conference is also used as an attempt by the Rothschilds to set up a world government under the pretext of ending all wars which they create.

It is reported that the Rothschilds were angry with the Russians because they were not prepared to allow them to form a central bank within their nation. They therefore gathered groups of Jewish spies and sent them into Russia to drum up a revolution for the benefit of the common man, which was actually a takeover of Russia by a Rothschild controlled satanic elite. These Jewish spies were, in age old deceptive Ashkenazi tradition, given Russian names, for example Trotsky was a member of the first group and his original name was Bronstein.

These groups were sent to areas throughout Russia to incite riots and rebellion. Lenin is also on record as having stated;. These Jewish, Rothschild funded Bolsheviks would go on in the course of history to slaughter 60 million Christians and Non-Jews in Soviet controlled territory. Indeed the author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in his work, "Gulag Archipelago, Vol 2," affirms that Zionist Jews created and administered the organized Soviet concentration camp system in which these tens of millions of Christians and Non-Jews died.

On page 79 of this book he even names the administrators of this the greatest killing machine in the history of the world. All six are Zionist Jews. In Solzhenitsyn would be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for literature. This takes place in the City of London offices, daily at hours, in the same room until Winston Churchill whose mother, Jenny Jacobson Jerome, was Jewish — meaning he is Jewish under Ashkenazi law as he was born of a Jewish mother writes in an article in the Illustrated Sunday Herald, dated February 8th;.

Schiff gave his orders prior to his death in , as he knew an organisation in America needed to be set up to select politicians to carry on the Rothschild conspiracy,and the formation of the CFR was actually agreed in a meeting on May 30, at the Hotel Majestic in Paris, France. Following the United Nations transfer of Palestine to an independent Jewish state and an independent Arab state on May 15, the Israelis launched a military assault on the Arabs with blaring loudspeakers on their trucks informing the Arabs that if they did not flee immediately, they would be slaughtered.

They asked for help from nighbouring Arab states, but those states did not get involved as they were no match for the Israelis whose up to date military hardware had been supplied by the Jewish Stalinist regime in Russia. We should thus end the war and would have but paid to Egypt, Assyria and Chaldea on behalf of our ancestors.

He is funded by Rothschild created Communism in Russia and also the following Rothschild agents: Israel passes their law of return, guaranteeing every Jew worldwide the right to dwell in the state of Israel, however the Palestinians even though they had lived there for years, were denied that right. John Davitt, former chief of the Justice Department's internal security section notes that the Israeli intelligence service is the second most active in the United States after the Soviets and of course both Israel and the Soviet Union are run by an Ashkenazi Jewish leadership.

The motto of the Mossad is probably the most disgusting secret service motto in the world, it is;. At the time this was the largest construction project ever to be undertaken by a private company. Israeli defense minister, Ashkenazi Jew, Pinhas Lavon is eventually removed from office, though many think real responsibility lay with David Ben-Gurion. Edmond de Rothschild founds Compagnie Financiere, Paris.

Telephone taps are found connected to two telephones in the residence of the US military attaché in Tel Aviv. James de Rothschild dies and it is reported by the Rothschild owned media that he bequeaths a large sum of money to the state of Israel to pay for the construction of their parliament building, the Knesset.

He states [or his family that want us to think it was him] that the Knesset should be;. On page of his book, "Tales of the British Aristocracy," L. Maurice de Rothschild dies in Paris. This attitude reveals the true aim of the Rothschilds, to eliminate all competition and create their own worldwide monopoly. On June 4th President John F.

Less than 6 months later on November 22nd , president Kennedy is assassinated by the Rothschilds for the same reason as they assassinated President Abraham Lincoln in , he wanted to print American money for the American people, as opposed to for the benefit of a money grabbing war mongering foreign elite. Another, and probably the primary, reason for Kennedy's assassination is however, the fact that he made it quite clear to Israeli Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, that under no circumstances would he agree to Israel becoming a nuclear state.

This later develops into an investment bank and asset management company with many affiliates. He also marries his wife Nadine and they have a son, Benjamin de Rothschild. The treatment of the Palestinians by the Zionist Jews, finally ignites enough anger in the Arab world for Egypt, Jordan and Syria to mobilise on Israel's borders.

All of these three countries are suddenly attacked by Israel and as a result the Sinai which included Gaza was stolen from Egypt, and the West Bank and the Jordan River stolen from Jordan.

As a result of this, on June 8, the Israelis launch an attack on the USS Liberty with Israeli aircraft and motor torpedo boats, in an effort to blame it on Egypt, to bring America into the war on their side, and of course follow to the letter, their Mossad motto;. As a result of their attack, 34 American servicemen were killed and wounded.

Israel lies as usual, claiming it mistook this warship that was flying a large United States flag, for an ancient out-of-service Egyptian horse carrier El Quseir, that was feet shorter. They also claim the ship was in the war zone, when it was actually in international waters, far from any fighting. The Israeli's attack on this warship lasts for 75 minutes during which time they shoot up one of the United States flags, resulting in the sailors desperately raising another one. In the aftermath of this attack, the American sailors who survived are warned by the United States military not to discuss the matter with anyone due to, "national security.

This area goes on to provide Israel with one third of its fresh water. Noémie Halphen, wife of Maurice de Rothschild dies. Whilst he is in that role Britain enters the European Community. Paedophile and child murderer Ted Heath The Jewish members of the conspiracy have used an organisation called The Anti-Defamation League ADL as an instrument to try and convince everyone that any mention of the Rothschilds and their allies is an attack on all Jews.

In this way they have stifled almost all honest scholarship on international bankers and made the subject taboo within universities.

Any individual or book exploring this subject is immediately attacked by hundreds of ADL communities all over the country. The ADL has never let the truth or logic interfere with its highly professional smear jobs….

Actually, nobody has a right to be more angry at the Rothschild clique than their fellow Jews…. Laurer an employee of the Rothschilds controlled IBM, invents the UPC Universal Product Code barcode which will eventually be placed upon every item traded worldwide and bear the number, The Book of Revelation, Chapter 13, Verse 17 through 18, states the following in relation to this number;.

Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: The whole Satanic aims of the Rothschilds are now in full view of the world, everything bought or sold carries the mark of the beast, This eventually became, Rothschild Private Management Limited.

Bryen obtains a lawyer, Nathan Lewin, and the case heads for the grand jury, but is mysteriously dropped. Bryen later goes to work for Richard Perle. This is known as Opus 1 which means, the first work , and the front for this temple is that it is a winery. The global phenomenon of privatisation starts. The Rothschilds are behind this from the very beginning in order to seize control of all publicly owned assets worldwide.

Banque Rothschild is nationalised by the French government. The new bank is called, Compagnie Européenne de Banque. From September 16 to 18, future Prime Minister of Israel and then Defence Minister, Ashkenazi Jew, Ariel Sharon, orchestrates Israel's invasion of Lebanon, which provided ariel lighting in order to facilitate the killing of between and men, women and children in the Sabra and Shatila massacres. The Justice Department does not prosecute.

They subsequently advise the British government on virtually all of their other privatisations of state owned assets including: British Steel; British Coal; all the British regional electricity boards; and all the British regional water boards. Mordechai Vanunu a technician at Dimona, Israel's nuclear installation, from to , discovers that the plant was secretly producing nuclear weapons.

His conscience made him speak out and in he provided the London Sunday Times with the facts and photos they used to tell the world about Israel's nuclear weapons programme.

His evidence showed that Israel had stockpiled up to nuclear warheads, with no debate or authorisation from it own citizens. On 30th September , Vanunu was lured from London to Rome. There he was kidnapped, drugged and shipped to Israel.

After a secret trial he was sentenced to 18 years for, "treason," and, "espionage," something Israel are very familiar with though he had received no payment and had communicated with no foreign power. He goes on to be held in complete isolation for 11 years, only allowed occasional visits from his family, lawyer and a priest, conducted through a metal screen.

Although he completes his sentence, the Israeli government continues to hold him against his will. Edmond de Rothschild creates the World Conservation Bank which is designed to transfer debts from third world countries to this bank and in return those countries would give land to this bank.

The ADL initiate a nationwide competition for law students to draft anti-hate legislation for minority groups. That competition is won by a man named, Joseph Ribakoff, whose thesis proposes that not only must hate motivated violence be banned, but also any words which stimulate: Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, , on January 16 of this year the United States and Britain began an aerial bombing campaign of targets within Iraq.

On 24 February the ground campaign commenced which was to last hours until on February 28 when a horrendous war crime occurred. This crime was the slaughter of , Iraqi troops with fuel air bombs. These Iraqis were fleeing on a crowded highway from Kuwait to Basra. President George Herbert Walker Bush ordered United States military aircraft and ground units to kill these surrendering troops, they were then bulldozed into mass unmarked graves in the desert, some still alive.

President Bush then ordered a cessation of hostilities. What was the significance of this slaughter and President Bush declaring the war over on this day? Well it was the day the, "Day of Purim," fell on this year. This the day the Jews [or more accurately the Ashkenazi Satanist Zionists; - not to be confused with the members of the Jewish faith within which they hide] celebrate their victory over Ancient Babylon, now based within the borders of Iraq and a day when the Jews are encouraged to get bloody revenge against their perceived enemies.

At the Bilderberg Conference on June 6 to 9 of this year, in Baden-Baden, Germany, David Rockefeller a Rothschild technically in that the Rockefeller family is a feminine branch-off of the Rothchild family made the following statement;. But the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The super-national sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practised in past centuries.

Stephen Bryen, caught offering confidential documents to Israel in , is serving on board of the pro-Israeli Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs while continuing as a paid consultant, with security clearance, on exports of sensitive US technology.

Rothschild bag man George Soros. The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister who is responsible for all economic and financial matters, equivalent to the role of Secretary of the Treasury or Minister of Finance in other nations.

Often simply called the Chancellor , the office-holder controls HM Treasury. The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State, and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the Prime Minister. Rothschild and Sons , who he joined after reading Economics at Cambridge.

Norman Lamont leaves the British government to return to N. Rothschild and Sons as a director, after his mission to collapse the British economy to profit the Rothschilds is accomplished.

Facing the Facts About the U. Data collected was sent to Israel and in some cases to South Africa. Pressure from Jewish organizations forces the city to drop the criminal case, but the ADL settles a civil lawsuit for an undisclosed sum of cash. An unformated text version is here. The GAO report also noted that, "Several citizens of Israel were caught in the United States stealing sensitive technology used in manufacturing artillery gun tubes.

Amschel Rothschild, 41, is strangled with the heavy cord of his own towel robe in his hotel room in Paris. French Prime Minister orders the French Police to close their investigation, and, Rupert Murdoch, born of a Jewish mother and so a Jew by Ashkenazi standards, instructs his editors and news managers around the world to report it as a heart attack, if they need to report it at all. The Washington Post reports US intelligence has intercepted a conversation in which two Israeli officials had discussed the possibility of getting a confidential letter that then-Secretary of State Warren Christopher had written to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.

US ambassador to Israel, Martin Indyk, complains privately to the Israeli government about heavy-handed surveillance by Israeli intelligence agents. The Ken Starr report confirms that Clinton warned Lewinsky their conversations were being taped and ended the affair.

On 29 October Edmond de Rothschild dies in Geneva. Bush is elected so they tell me President of the United States. Bush and his family claim to be descendants of the House of Plantagenet which is descended from the Royal House of Judah.

There is further information relating to this lineage claim in this related article: On September 11th the attack on the World Trade Center is orchestrated by Israel with the complicity of Britain and America, under the orders of the Rothschilds as a pretext for removing the liberty of people worldwide in exchange for security, just as happened with the Reichstag fire in Germany where the citizens were lied to in order to give up liberty for security.

No investigation is undertaken as to what they were doing there. Comverse Infosys builds the tapping equipment used by law enforcement to eavesdrop on all American telephone calls, but suspicion forms that Comverse Infosys, which gets half of its research and development budget from the Israeli government, has built a back door into the system that is being exploited by Israeli intelligence and that the information gleaned on US drug interdiction efforts is finding its way to drug smugglers.

The investigation by the FBI leads to the exposure of the largest foreign spy ring ever uncovered inside the United States, operated by Israel. Half of the suspected spies have been arrested when happens. On , 5 Israelis are arrested for dancing and cheering while the World Trade Towers collapse. Supposedly employed by Urban Moving Systems, the Israelis are caught with multiple passports and a lot of cash. Two of them are later revealed to be Mossad. As witness reports track the activity of the Israelis, it emerges that they were seen at Liberty Park at the time of the first impact, suggesting a foreknowledge of what was to come.

The Israelis are interrogated, and then eventually sent back to Israel. The owner of the moving company used as a cover by the Mossad agents abandons his business and flees to Israel. The United States Government then classifies all of the evidence related to the Israeli agents and their connections to All of this is reported to the public via a four part story on Fox News by Carl Cameron.

Two hours prior to the attacks, Odigo, an Israeli company with offices just a few blocks from the World Trade Towers, receives an advance warning via the internet. It is revealed that prior to the attack millions of dollars of put options on both American Airlines and United Airlines, were traded.

The FBI have promised to followed the purchasers up, but have never revealed their findings. That is because this would lead directly to Israel, the state behind the attacks. Following the World Trade Center attack, anonymous letters containing anthrax are sent to various politicians and media executives.

Like the attack this is immediately blamed on Al-Qaeda , until it is discovered that the anthrax contained within those letters is a specific type of weaponized anthrax made by a United States military laboratory. Philip Zack, who had been reprimanded several times by his employers due to offensive remarks he made about Arabs. Philip Zack, was caught on camera entering the storage area where he worked at Fort Detrick which is where the Anthrax was kept. At this point, both the FBI and the mainstream media stopped making any public comments on the case.

He dies shortly after slitting his throat in a suicide attempt, before he can be brought to trial. The next day, police discovered traces of TNT and RDX military-grade plastic explosives inside the passenger cabin and on the steering wheel of the vehicle.

The FBI then announces that the tests that showed explosives were, "false positived," by cigarette smoke, a claim test experts say is ridiculous. Based on an alibi provided by a woman, the case is closed and the Israelis are handed over to INS to be sent back to Israel. One week later, the woman who provided the alibi vanishes. This, "Day of Purim," is a day the Jews celebrate their victory over Ancient Babylon, now based within the borders of Iraq, how interesting.

What is also significant is that the previous U. Purim is also the time when the Jews are encouraged to get bloody revenge against their perceived enemies. Israel has always struggled for water, it had to steal the Golan Heights from Syria which provided Israel with one third of its fresh water 36 years before, yet still in Israel water extraction has surpassed replacement by 2.

The Israelis are handed over to immigration. The contents of the boxers are not revealed to the public. Israel deploys assassination squads into other countries, including the United States. The US Government does not protest.

Larry Franklin worked in the Pentagon Office of Special Plans, run by Richard Perle, at the time Perle who was caught giving classified information to Israel back in was insisting that Iraq was crawling with weapons of mass destruction requiring the United States to invade and conquer Iraq. With two suspected Israeli spies at least inside the office from which the lies that launched the war in Iraq originated, it appears that the people of the United States are the victims of a deadly hoax, a hoax that started a war using the blood and money of American citizens for the purposes of Israeli oppressio n.

Like the Stephen Bryen case and the hunt for, "Mega," this latest spy scandal seems destined by officials who have their own secret allegiances to protect, barring a massive public outcry. Police near the Nuclear Fuel Services plant in Tennessee stop a truck after a three mile chase, during which the driver throws a bottle containing a strange liquid from the cab.

The drivers turn out to be Israelis using fake identifications. The FBI refuses to investigate and the Israelis are released. The truck tests positive for explosives. Foxman, publishes a book entitled, "Never Again? The Threat Of The New Anti-Semitism," in which he states that the New Testament's "lie," that the ancient Pharisees were responsible for the death of Christ, has been responsible for anti-semitism throughout the millennia and thus the New Testament of the bible is, "hate speech," and should be censored or banned.

On January 20, President Bush makes the following statement as part of his second inaugural address; "When our Founders declared a new order of the ages. The founders did not declare a, "new order of the ages,". President Roosevelt did when in , he put it's latin translation, "Novus Ordo Seclorum," on the dollar bill. On 7 July the London Underground Network is bombed. There are now only 5 nations on the world left without a Rothschild controlled central bank: Physics Professor, Stephen E.

Jones of Brigham Young University publishes a paper in which he proves the World Trade Center buildings could have only been brought down in the manner they were by explosives:. The Edmond De Rothschild Banque, a subsidiary of Europe's Edmond De Rothschild family bank group in France, becomes the first foreign family bank that has obtained approval of the China Banking Regulatory Commission and entered China's financial market.

The ADL ruthlessly leans on governments throughout the world to pass hate crimes legislation, as they are scared that the criminal cabal that is Israel and the Rothschilds is being exposed more and more on a daily basis, predominantly on the internet. Their job is to protect this criminal network and what better way to do it than by passing laws in which anyone who exposes a Jewish criminal becomes a criminal.

David Irving is sentenced to three years in jail in Austria, for denying the holocaust. It is important to note that the only historical event you can be arrested for questioning is the holocaust. This of course is not where the story ends but one day in the not too distant future, the story of the Rothschilds will come to an abrupt end.

The truth of their past will be fully exposed for all to see in the public domain - and a genie cannot be put back into a bottle. Here is a link to 6 pages of autographs from the Zionist congress with some very interesting names on it. Money only comes into being when credit is established. Back in the day, goldsmiths were an honest bunch, plying their trade like any other hardworking citizen of the realm. It was much easier to hold a receipt than to carry around a ton of weight in gold and silver coin.

Made your pants sag. Painted a big target on your forehead for muggers and thieves, too. Much more convenient, eh? For you see, the goldsmith turned banker had realized that by making the receipt payable to the bearer rather than to the individual depositor, it would be readily transferable without the need for a signature.

He also realized that very few depositors ever came in at one time to demand their gold or silver. And thus, Fractional Reserve Banking was born. Or spawned, considering the source. And the world is indeed not a very happy place because of it. Click on the image above to open a larger version in a new window. How do we come out of Babylon? As my Mama used to say, if the shoe fits, wear it. Julius Caesar took control of the monetary system of the realm by minting coins to be used in daily commerce.

With a plentiful supply of real money, the kingdom prospered, business flourished and everyone benefited. Their power would not lie long dormant however. They set about scheming to retake control, and Caesar was assassinated shortly after.

As an aside, the U. The money changers had long ago discovered that control over a fraudulent money supply not only gave them control over the assets of the people, but in a very real way, control over the government of the people.

Except he now lends out ten times in fraudulent receipts what you have deposited with him. Did I say earn? By making money easy to borrow, the amount of money in circulation is increased.

When the money grubbers, err…changers are satisfied enough suckers have taken the bait, the trap is sprung. The boom and bust cycles are all rigged: Click on the image above to open a larger version in a new window Suddenly money supply is tightened. They make loans difficult or impossible to get which results in a decrease of money in circulation. The end result was that a percentage of the people would be unable to repay their loans and being unable to make new loans, they went bankrupt, forced to sell their assets to the lenders for pennies on the dollar.

This trick is still being used to suck the financial life blood out of the people of the world to this day. The language has changed, but the fraud is the same as it always has been. And the world is indeed a much less happy place for it. The reign of King Henry I brings a new form of money that stripped the money changers of their unrighteous dominion over people and nations that lasted for over years. He created a currency called a tally stick. It was a stick of polished wood with notches cut along one side, the number of which indicated the denomination of the amount of money represented by the stick.

It was then split lengthwise with each half bearing identical notches. One half went into circulation, the other half was kept by the king. It made counterfeiting impossible. It also kept the money changers from gaining control of the money supply. And the world was indeed a much happier place. More on the money changers in a future essay, which will deal more specifically with a certain Mr.

Amschel Mayer Bauer and his progeny. Christmas and Easter are so obviously Babylonian in their historical roots that it astounds me so many Christians continue to celebrate them. Everyone has the internet these days. Do a search for the pagan roots of both of these holidays.

Meyer Amschel Rothschild said: And because "Law" was frequently administered by a "Priesthood" in these ancient cultures, a group of priests known as "Pharisees" thereunder Combined with the Romans to Deceive, Confuse, Plunder, and En-Slave the common Israelite People. Rather these Pharisees look to a body of so-called "Laws" which derive from "Slave-Trading Codes" in Ancient Babylon; and quite probably reaching back to Nimrod himself.

The fact that the religion of the Pharisees has never been recorded as having become extinct, indicates that they and their Slave-Trading practices continue on to exist to this very day. In their own literature, the modern practitioners of "Rabbinical Judaism" Admit quietly that they are decedents from those ancient Pharisees.

In their own book entitled "The Jewish Encyclopedia", and "prepared by more than Four Hundred Scholars and Specialists", and published by the "Funk and Wagnalls Company", in , Page ; the following text is presented:. Here is shown clearly that the ancient Pharisees are still alive and well writing textbooks for Funk and Wagnals in , and disseminating such beliefs among their followers.

The ancient counterparts of these modern Pharisees had schools in Babylon from a very early pre-Christian date. In the Foreword to this book is an introductory few pages by The Very Rev. The Chief Rabbi J. Herein he speaks on pages 13, 14, 15 to say:. Here we have plain admissions from this J. Hertz Chief Rabbi wherein he reveals that the source of the material which is Codified within their "Talmud" is from "Babylon". Other sources affirm this also.

This "Babylonian Talmud" is that root-source-repository of so-called "Law" from which the modern Talmud draws its historical roots. Hertz Chief Rabbi and others of the same belief are all quite comfortable referring to it amongst themselves as the "Babylonian Talmud". But as the ancient city of Babylon is clearly related to terms such as "Babble" aka: We here-in merely seek clear labels of what is going on with regard to this body of codifications which seemingly so significantly affect our modern sociological structures.

We have a Right to ask these questions. Everyone is affected by these concerns. And it seems clear that many who modernly claim to be "Jews" are following this set of Spiritual Codifications which have originated in ancient Babylon, and which thereunder are properly known and referable to as the "Babylonian Talmud".

We find similarly enlightening source material in a profoundly insightful work from a gentleman named Guy Carlton, Lee; of Johns Hopkins University in his work: Here-under, we see a number of significant items for our study. But at this point it seems best to re-visit Chapters 17 and 18 of the Book of Revelation in the Bible. The above work from Johns Hopkins University by Mr Lee clearly recognizes that Babylon's Religious Priesthood is commonly recognizable as the source of all of the modern so called "Laws of Commerce".

These Babylonian Religious Codes recognized the ability to buy and sell contracts between merchants in "Commerce". They sold and "bought. Under this system of Babylonian Codes, contracted-debtor-people were Forcibly Compelled to perform the contract regardless of Conscionability, or who was the original contract-creditor. And these all are still recognizable and very frequently enforced under what modern legal text-books refer to as: Under the ancient Babylonian Religious Codes, "Slavery" is clearly facilitated.

People were not recognized as People there-under, but were items in Commerce. The Slave could be arrested and assaulted by government officers for not showing up for work on time. The text-book says that "The slave is not regarded or spoken of as a man, but as a thing, and is reckoned in the same way as cattle". In the above quoted text, and with reference to these ancient Babylonian-based "Slave-Trading" Codes; Mr Lee goes on to make it clear they were passed down to the Roman Slave-Traders in his statement "Of.

History seems to tell that many Israelites had been Captured into Slavery in Babylon. It does not take a lot of intelligence to suppose that this worked to Under-Mine the Godly Principles of the more ancient Israelite Torah-Laws. This indicates that the Connection between the Roman Slave-Traders and the Pharisees was more than a mere coincidence.

This indicates that at some point in the even more ancient history; the Roman Slave-Traders and the Pharisee of Israel; were of Common Cultural Ancestry.

Those of the "Pharisee" Rabbinical-Judaism belief-system, refer in their "Babylonian Talmud" to those who are Not of their culture; as "Goim" or "Gois". These words translate to mean "Human Cattle". The overall level of health spending, in turn, determines how much spending will potentially be available for communicable diseases.

Therefore the data strongly suggest that financing for communicable diseases will remain a source of worry, especially for countries most severely affected by the financial crisis. For countries that depend on external funding, the decrease in aid is a major worry.

Aid diminishes during economic crises and sometimes does not recover fully to earlier levels. Therefore the current crisis will also have an impact on this flow, which in turn will have a disproportionate impact on communicable diseases programmes.

Countries such as Maldives and Timor-Leste need to prepare for the effect of decreasing aid on their health sectors. Bhutan is somewhat less dependent on external funding and may therefore be able to escape the impact of declining aid. Although the current crisis has not significantly affected overseas development assistance in Nepal, 25 the impact on communicable diseases linked to or aggravated by poverty and poor living conditions is likely to be severe enough to warrant serious attention from aid agencies.

Similarly, Bangladesh already faces increasing poverty and adverse health indicators, and the current crisis is likely to worsen the situation. Stimulus packages, implemented by some countries, may be needed. Timor-Leste, which is heavily dependent on aid, will need help to maintain its levels of investment in the health and social sectors.

The impact of shrinking economic growth and aid on vulnerable populations has direct implications for communicable diseases programmes. The global response to the financial crisis has been to maintain the quantity of aid to the extent possible, so as not to jeopardize progress towards the MDGs.

The issue of aid effectiveness has now received serious attention from development agencies, and among the concerns are the lack of harmonization and alignment, problems with predictability and the need for common arrangements and procedures. In times of financial crisis it is important for donor countries to find innovative solutions to enhance the effectiveness of their reduced volume of aid. Although the 11 countries of the region are on different trajectories of growth and development, their struggle to eliminate underdevelopment and poverty has driven them to a high-growth strategy.

However, high-growth policies are increasing the population vulnerable to communicable diseases. Clearly, economic growth alone is not the solution. The Global monitoring report of the International Monetary Fund and The World Bank calls the current crisis a development emergency because the potential increase in vulnerable populations may delay progress in the fight against communicable diseases.

Funding needs to be much more carefully matched to disease and health system priorities in each country. Although the MDG health goals are important benchmarks, programme goals should be more relevant, inclusive and realistic. They should be multisectoral and take into account both the realities of the health sector and the development path chosen by the country.

Global health and development initiatives need to expand their focus to include diseases and conditions that are less well known or less discussed, while at the same time addressing socioeconomic and health sector constraints in each country. This approach would go a long way towards making aid more effective.

Moreover, it would make donors and policy-makers more aware of traditional vaccine-preventable childhood diseases, traditional and emerging vector-borne diseases and respiratory infections, which remain among the most important contributors to high disease burdens in the WHO South-East Asia Region. Ultimately, countries should set their own priorities for the prevention, control and treatment of communicable diseases.

It is up to each country to convince the world of where its priorities lie. The global public good character of some communicable diseases warrants concerted world action.

You are here: