Data sources and methods

Data source

NLiS Country Profile: India
A dramatic example of the effect of food processing on a population's health is the history of epidemics of beri-beri in people subsisting on polished rice. To be eligible for a benefit, clients must have insufficient income from all sources to support themselves and any dependents, and meet specific eligibility criteria. Water is excreted from the body in multiple forms; including urine and feces , sweating , and by water vapour in the exhaled breath. It includes the energy needed for the optimal growth and development of children, for the deposition of tissues during pregnancy and for the secretion of milk during lactation consistent with the good health of the mother and child. In the same time span that obesity doubled, diabetes numbers quadrupled in America. The age at marriage did not change and there was no delay in age at first birth, and as such, no tempo effect was operating on first births.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Water fluoridation

Contrary to what those fictional scenarios may depict, the reality is that revenge is counterproductive - that is, instead of making you feel better, it only leads you to experience further pain. Firstly, seeking revenge is detrimental to your well-being. Lastly, many of those you take revenge on will likely want to revenge back on you for revenging on them!

Revenge is nothing but a quick fix - initially, it might indeed feel sweet for a short while, but soon we come to experience its bitter aftertaste. To never commit them again. So why do some people intentionally hurt other people? The Trap Of Romantic Love. Seen this way, revenge is an attempt to attribute responsibility to those in a position of vulnerability.

It is common for us to despise or even hate those who mistreat us, as well as put all blame on them for their actions, being unable to see that they are victims of tremendous hardship, and that it must be extremely hard to heal from their emotional wounds. And, instead of showing them compassion for their misfortune, we punish them for their misconduct. In other words, we urge them to become more hostile and abusive, which is the very opposite of what we wanted to achieve in the first place - peace and justice.

Forgiveness means to let go of your hatred toward those who caused you pain and compassionately release the desire to punish them.

So how can one learn to forgive? To forgive, you need to realize that all people, including you, are imperfect and hence are bound to make mistakes from time to time, which sometimes affect other people. In such a psychological state, your thoughts become unkind and destructive, and your heart has no space for forgiveness.

In other words, to forgive does not mean to condone the misdeeds of another. Stay away from such people, defend yourself if needed, and make sure they never mistreat you again. However, from a safe distance, forgive them for their mistakes and wish them well in the future.

I would like to end this article with one of my favorite short stories that is carrying an immensely beautiful lesson on compassion and forgiveness whether the story is based on historical facts is disputed; regardless, the message it conveys is profound.

So here it is:. We cannot tolerate it. He has to be punished for it, otherwise everybody will start doing things like this! He has not offended me, but you are offending me.

He is new, a stranger. He must have heard from people something about me, that this man is an atheist, a dangerous man who is throwing people off their track, a revolutionary, a corrupter.

And he may have formed some idea, a notion of me. He has not spit on me, he has spit on his notion. He has spit on his idea of me because he does not know me at all, so how can he spit on me?

I am not part of it, and I can see that this poor man must have something else to say because this is a way of saying something. Spitting is a way of saying something. There are moments when you feel that language is impotent: There are intense moments when language is impotent. Then you have to do something. When you are angry, intensely angry, you hit the person, you spit on him, you are saying something. I can understand him.

The man was even more puzzled! Puzzled, confused, the man returned home. He could not sleep the whole night. When you see a Buddha, it is difficult, impossible to sleep anymore the way you used to sleep before. Again and again he was haunted by the experience. He could not explain it to himself, what had happened. He was trembling all over, sweating and soaking the sheets. He had never come across such a man; the Buddha had shattered his whole mind and his whole pattern, his whole past.

The next morning he went back. This, too, is a way of saying something that cannot be said in language. When you come and touch my feet, you are saying something that cannot be said ordinarily, for which all words are too narrow; it cannot be contained in them. This man is a man of deep emotions. But I am not the same man to whom you did it. The Ganges goes on flowing, it is never the same Ganges again. Every man is a river. The man you spit upon is no longer here.

I look just like him, but I am not the same, much has happened in these twenty-four hours! The river has flowed so much. So I cannot forgive you because I have no grudge against you. I can see you are not the same man who came yesterday because that man was angry and he spit, whereas you are bowing at my feet, touching my feet. How can you be the same man? You are not the same man, so let us forget about it. Those two people, the man who spit and the man on whom he spit, both are no more.

Let us talk of something else. The FBI source documents make clear the FBI had evidence suggesting Clinton had committed criminal violations of national security laws regarding her transmitting of State Department classified information over her unsecured private email server in July — a year and a half before the Nov.

That memo, dated Aug. Clinton, Part 4, pp. Clinton from potentially criminal mishandling of classified information. Further into the memo, there is a discussion of Patrick F. Clinton if made public as a document made secret by a national security classification. The memo also suggests that Patrick F.

Clinton, Part 4, pages The next paragraph makes clear that Kennedy met a stone wall in his attempt to recruit the FBI into his cover-up scheme. An FBI report made public in Aug. Among the cache of Blumenthal emails to Clinton release by Wikileaks is an email sent by Blumenthal to Sec.

A consequence of the strategy was the emergence of ISIS out of the loosely coordinated Free Syrian Army coalition as well as the disastrous Benghazi attack in which a U. The Obama administration apparently was hoping to replicate the regime-change strategy in which it armed al-Qaida-affiliated militia in Libya, including Ansar al-Sharia, the group responsible for the Sept. Lesch argued a strategy of regime change could be effected in Syria if the U.

So I say step up the efforts, already quietly ongoing, to get weapons to the Free Syrian Army. Now matériel and special forces with the ability to train a ragtag army can transit Iraq — and other neighboring states — into Syria. The Controversy Over David Kendell. In May , a senior State Department official informed Clinton lawyer, David Kendell, that government reviewers had found at least one classified email among the emails Clinton transmitted over her private email system she used as Secretary of State.

Ambassador to Libya, Chris Stevens. Clinton had in his possession a thumb drive containing Clinton State Department emails that Kendell may not have secured properly to prevent public disclosure of national security classified information. Clinton faces questions about her use of a personal email server as secretary of state, no one is surprised she turned to Mr. Did Trump Signal Defeat of Soros? Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act was passed to replace the Jackson-Vanik Amendment from the Cold War aimed at imposing trade sanctions forcing the Soviet Union to allow Jews and other minorities to emigrate, with a more current punishment denying access to the U.

Clearly, the executive order should concern those engaged in international sex trafficking. When humans evolved on earth there was no microwave radiation , save for a very small amount. But what has been added as of today is a billion times more than ever existed on the planet, experts noted. So while microwave radiation caused by wireless technology is invisible, it is nonetheless a major environmental pollutant and a huge health hazard, the film says.

Thus far, regulatory agencies have said that exposure to non-ionizing radiation such as radio frequencies is safe but only for short periods of time. What Really Is 5G About? The documentary goes on to say that a growing body of research suggests wireless devices like cell phones can cause cancers in some people, and that additional exposure as bandwidth grows and wireless technology and signals expand, the health risks grow as well.

As evidence, it cites some women who became accustomed to sticking their cellphones in their bras as a matter of convenience who would later develop breast cancer. West said he then remembered his patient telling him where she kept her cell phone and asking if that could be a problem. Other experts interviewed for the documentary said that the best evidence researchers have thus far of radio frequency toxicity is the fact that cancer rates are increasing.

Of course, the wireless industry is denying any link. But experts noted further that there are cancer registries in place that track new cancers in children and adults where increases are being documented. As to the wireless industry, it positioned itself to be able to influence to its advantage any legislative, regulatory, or scientific efforts to expose the dangers of microwave radiation emitted by cellphones, Internet devices and other devices, the film notes.

Learn more about the documentary film Generation Zapped. Addicted to Your Phone? He had to know who this Cartwright guy was, and his employer, too. Therrien wanted to make them pay. At the same time, he worried that the call might not be a swindle. What if some misinformed loan shark really was coming for them?

Then he remembered Cartwright had left a number with his wife. Somewhere - at the top of a ladder of dirty debt collectors that Therrien would spend the next two years relentlessly climbing - a man named Joel Tucker had no idea what was coming. The concept is centuries old: But systematic schemes to collect on fake debts started only about five years ago. It begins when someone scoops up troves of personal information that are available cheaply online - old loan applications, long-expired obligations, data from hacked accounts - and reformats it to look like a list of debts.

Their targets are often poor and likely to already be getting confusing calls about other loans. The problem is as simple as it is intractable. In a call center in India was busted for making 8 million calls in eight months to collect made-up bills.

The Federal Trade Commission has since broken up at least 13 similar scams. Victims have essentially no recourse to do anything but take the abuse. Most victims, that is. When the scammers started to hound Therrien, he hounded them right back. Obsessed with payback, he spent hundreds of hours investigating the dirty side of debt.

By day he was still promoting ice cream brands and hiring models for liquor store tastings. But in his spare time, he was living out a revenge fantasy. He befriended loan sharks and blackmailed crooked collectors, getting them to divulge their suppliers, and then their suppliers above them.

In method, Therrien was like a prosecutor flipping gangster underlings to get to lieutenants and then the boss. He was simply unstoppable over the phone. When Therrien dialed the number Cartwright had left, a woman answered and said she worked for Lakefront Processing Solutions in Buffalo. Regardless, she said, Therrien could clear everything up by making a payment. Her records indicated that he owed a payday lender called Vista. Therrien says he paid back the debt promptly.

And I fulfilled my obligation. On his laptop, Therrien started digging. He found a securities filing saying Vista had merged with a company called That Marketing Solution Inc. After paying a few dollars to an online people-search service, he got its president on the line. Armed with proof the debt was invalid, Therrien turned back to Lakefront. More searches yielded a corporate parent, owned by two Buffalo men.

Therrien called them, then their lawyer. When the lawyer stalled, Therrien bombarded him with more calls, at home and on his cell - enough to put Lakefront off him for good. The parties eventually reached a confidential settlement, and Lakefront - whose name I found in a public record - declined to comment.

But swatting down Lakefront turned out to be just the first round in a game of whack-a-mole. More collection agencies contacted him, his wife, his brother, even his grandparents. The calls made it clear to Therrien that an overarching force was at play. His name had to be getting on these lists somehow. Each night, after his wife went to sleep, he cracked open his laptop to comb lawsuits, unearth filings, and uproot the owners of the agencies calling him.

You might as well get blood out of it. Tell me what I need to know to put these guys in jail. Sometimes, Therrien would make a small payment on the fake debt, then check bank records to see where it went. He found people with convictions for counterfeiting, stock fraud, drug dealing, and child molestation. He started a spreadsheet, Scums. On the phone, Therrien is a savant. Therrien would threaten to report the collectors to regulators unless they helped him figure out what was going on.

Others he tried to shame. Therrien knew his fixation seemed odd. He grew up in working-class Connecticut, where his father was a factory man and his mother had a series of part-time jobs. He told me he regrets not doing more to protect his brother. In college, Therrien worked at a J. Crew store, where a customer spotted his talent for sales and offered him a job. Therrien makes a good living now, and he takes pride in being a more responsible person than his parents - paying his bills on time, going to church on Sunday, and taking care of those close to him.

Phantom debt, he learned, is blended with real debt in ways that are almost impossible to untangle. The agencies recoup what they can and sell the rest down-market, so that iffier and iffier debt is bought by shadier and shadier individuals.

These rosters are actually more valuable, because the targets have proved willing to part with money over the phone. And then there are those who invent debts out of whole cloth. Portfolios are combined and doctored until they contain thousands of entries. Some collectors told him they thought the files were partially legitimate; others knew their paper was completely falsified. Yet they continued to trade it, referring to the people they pursued as deadbeats and losers.

The more Therrien learned, the more disgusted he grew with everyone involved. His search for the ur-source rarely traveled in a straight line. For a time, Therrien focused on Buffalo,one of the poorest cities in the U. Debt collector is a more common job there than bartender or construction worker, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. As Therrien wore down as many Buffalo collectors as he could, one name kept surfacing: Joel Tucker, a former payday-loan mogul from Kansas City, Mo.

Therrien needed an ally inside the Kansas City racket. When Therrien called, Rowland said he was sorry - and kept talking. His life was falling apart. They started to speak regularly, and Rowland told Therrien he blamed Tucker for everything. Tucker had created the local industry with his two brothers.

Scott, the oldest, was the brains. The middle son, Blaine, was popular and a talented musician. Joel, tall and handsome, was a natural salesman. The case was dismissed. In the mids, Scott opened a payday-loan store and gave his brothers jobs. But in the 15 states where such stores are against the law, there are millions of desperate people willing to pay for fast cash and no one to give it to them.

Scott pioneered what he thought was a clever legal loophole that would give him access to that market: He created websites that were owned on paper by an American Indian tribe, which could claim sovereign immunity from regulators.

The loophole was ridiculously lucrative. Around , Joel split to start a company that would allow anyone to get into online payday lending - supplying software to process applications and loans and offering access to a steady stream of customers. All the clients had to bring was money and a willingness to bypass state law.

An investor presentation from that period shows that Tucker was personally clearing tens of millions of dollars in profit per year. Under pressure from regulators, banks stopped doing business with the sketchiest payday lenders, making it hard for them to issue loans and collect payments. Blaine committed suicide by jumping off a parking garage in ; Scott was charged two years later with racketeering, and prosecutors called his tribal arrangement a sham.

He declined to comment. Twice divorced, he was moving from place to place, ducking his creditors. A booking photo from the time when he was briefly imprisoned for failing to show up for court in an unrelated lawsuit shows him with bristly gray hair and dark circles under deep-set blue eyes.

She claimed not to know where he was. As he had in Buffalo, he developed a network of sources in Kansas City, figuring out who hated whom and playing them off each other. He got a burner app that provided disposable numbers for his smartphone, with any area code he wanted.

Therrien acknowledges that sometimes he went too far. By November he developed a simple theory. His emails were breathless and confusing, but the authorities were patient, taking his calls and talking to him at length.

It was clear they knew about Tucker, but Therrien got frustrated by what he saw as inaction. January saw a breakthrough: It had to have been them. Therrien was trying to hold back his anger, but his voice wavered.

He wanted to impress Tucker, mentioning tidbits he knew about his business. Are you trying to micromanage my life? Incredibly, by the end of the half-hour call, Tucker was offering to help Therrien collect evidence about crimes committed by other people in the payday-loan business.

Therrien soon obtained two crucial sets of documents to that end. In March he flew to California to meet a debt broker, who handed over some contracts Tucker had signed.

The metadata yielded a new name: The author of the email died of a drug overdose a few months later. A lawyer replied right away: They contacted Harsh, and in August he submitted an affidavit to the court. Tucker told the court he was broke. Meanwhile, Rowland was spiraling.

He confided in Therrien that he was considering suicide, and one day that summer he called Therrien to say goodbye. But that October, Rowland shot himself. According to the regulator, everything had happened pretty much as Therrien imagined: Tucker had invented more than 7. The FTC has never credited Therrien, and Michael Tankersley, an agency lawyer, declined to discuss their interactions. Therrien, as usual, was unsatisfied. He was still getting calls from collectors, for one thing.

An FBI spokeswoman declines to say whether Tucker is being investigated, but three of his associates told me that agents had contacted them about his debt sales.

After the ruling against Tucker, Therrien heard from him for the first time in months, and they started talking again. Without directly asking Therrien to drop his vendetta, Tucker seemed to be pleading for mercy. Got a brother going to prison. Put it this way, Andrew. For the purposes of this exercise, vulnerable people might include groups such as homeless, transient, or rough-sleeping people; the elderly; children; those in social, Council, or emergency housing; people with intellectual or physical disabilities; and culturally and linguistically diverse community non-English speakers and refugees or migrants included.

Basically, I wanted to know whether councils were recognising that some people in their communities would be more vulnerable than the general population in the event of a Civil Defence emergency, and what they had done in their planning to take into account those groups specifically.

I, in turn, always planned to acknowledge in my story — and I believe I have — that catering for all sections of a population in a probably chaotic crisis situation is never going to have a perfect, guaranteed solution. Further, councils are only one part of a Civil Defence reponse and, as I discovered, many are increasingly turning the nuances of community safety over to communities themselves, recognising that communities are often better-placed to respond to their own unique vulnerabilities with specific local strengths and resources, as long as they are adequately prepared and equipped to do so.

Disclaimers aside, I really did just want to know whether councils had factored such vulnerable populations into their planning, and how, in order to paint a bit of a national picture. You can read more about that here. Some councils have publicly-available planning that caters for some or all of those vulnerable groups. Some have discussed it privately, but not publicly. And some councils, of course, have not replied at all.

Some tried to stick me with bills for hundreds or thousands of dollars they said it would take to answer my question. In an interesting slice of New Zealand life, a few councils responsible for particularly small or remote parts of the country responded that they personally knew everyone who lived there, and there were no homeless, migrant or refugee people locally, so there had been no planning needed for such groups. Whether councils should be required to put plans for the vulnerable in writing, or whether they should instead be working up to shore up connections with marginalised sections of their communities ahead of a crisis — as Auckland and Wellington have, in recent years, become focused on doing — or a combination of both, is a judgement for someone with more expertise than me.

I hope it is a conversation that continues among emergency response managers. But it is important, when discussing big issues, to come to the table with the facts. As usual, where the most eagerly responding councils often had initiatives they particularly wanted to show off, I have no doubt that some of the non-responders are sitting on information that the public should know about, around gaps in our Civil Defence readiness.

But the information I was provided allowed me to report the mixed national picture with more confidence, and allowed me to approach the Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management with greater boldness. While the law does mandate councils consider and engage communities in their planning, emergency responders around New Zealand told me that perfectly naturally and understandably policy took time to flow into practice, and that they had only started investing deeply in community-driven planning over the past few years in several cases, the past 18 months to two years.

Some councils have not yet had the funding or staffing to invest in it at all. Although this job is a privilege, at their worst, such investigations can feel like an extremely stressful hobby. In this case, a grant from the Scoop Foundation for Public Interest Journalism helped fund some of the research and interviewing hours on my stories, allowing me to push out the scope of an investigation that initially was only going to focus on Wellington.

Stories resulting from the grant are being published on scoop. All of this begs the question: Now that we know the U. Over the last few years, we have seen this similar pattern occur over and over again.

Even if the U. When viewed in its recent historical context and with the most recent reports in mind, the answer to that question should be clear. In September , the U. Over 60 Syrian soldiers died as a result of this illegal act of war, but no one was held accountable. It has also been speculated that U. We also know the U.

But wait, it gets even better. There is a case to be made against the U. Furthermore, the Times expressed no doubts about the information it was disclosing. No detractors and harsh critics were quoted. This was a straight-from-the-Pentagon to the Times pipeline. The Times story had all the earmarks of a government gift, not a leak. This, too, never happens. Someone high up in the Pentagon, or someone outside the Pentagon, with major clout, gave the green light to the Times.

He assured the Times the story was real. As discussion and vetting of the UFO story occurred at the Times, before they went to print, the overriding and decisive factor was: If they give the public a few bread crumbs, or even a steak, there is a course meal behind that, and the meal is never served.

Long-time UFO researcher, Grant Cameron, has pointed out that the American strategy for hiding secrets for decades has been: And just now, the Times has published two more UFO articles. The first, by senior reporter Dan Barry, is headlined: He died before the Pentagon finally admitted UFOs are real.

Is This All There Is? Secret Space Program Disclosure: Both of these pieces lend support to the original Times blockbuster about the secret Pentagon UFO program. All this could very well mean that what is being hidden, now, is much larger than what has been hidden in the past.

For example, new technological discoveries and advances have been made in the areas of propulsion systems and energy production, beside which the old discoveries pale by comparison. In that case, the latest partial disclosures needed to be stronger, in terms of their impact.

Impact as diversion from the deeper truth. And the NY Times would carry the ball. The number one mainstream news operation on the planet accepts what Elizondo is saying at face value? On the verboten subject of UFOs? When everyone knows career intelligence officers are trained to lie at the drop of a hat? Which, again, tells you the Pentagon wanted this story to be published. Unless the blowback from rival news outlets is too severe. Whatever they eventually publish, no matter how shocking, it will be a very, very small fragment of what the government and those who control the government is hiding.

If, five years ago, you polled the most competent and knowledgeable independent UFO researchers, and asked them whether they thought the New York Times would ever publish a major positive UFO story, who among them would have predicted what we are seeing now?

Finally, this could now happen: We did what you told us to do. But now, other news operations are going to have to carry the freight. We broke the barrier. But the Times will forever be remembered as the first - they took their marching orders and delivered. They fronted for, and sold, a limited hangout, against all odds. In , we are seeing consequences of such a culture: A generation excessively prone to anxiety, depression, and suicide. People are so keen on numbing themselves from the world that they are dying by the tens of thousands in the US alone of opioid abuse — drugs created by pharmaceutical companies to numb pain.

The opioid crisis is symbolic in itself and, unfortunately, perfectly illustrates the state of mind of our generation. It is symptomatic of a palpable mal-de-vivre , a malaise of the soul that needs to be healed. Several factors are causing this climate and our constant exposure to media and its distorted messages is a big part of the equation. The video platform has been flooded with thousands of videos aimed at toddlers filled with content that is either shocking, terrifying, sexual or all-out traumatizing.

Even worse, some videos are targeted by child predators. Fortunately, some good has come from our collective vigilance. While this might be a step in the right direction, the same underbelly is still bubbling not so far below the surface, constantly churning out videos from stars and idols promoting self-destruction. Understanding this mindset — as foul and disturbing as it can be — allows one to navigate the world with eyes truly open.

What Is The Golden Ratio? There is a process in motion and every year it is more visible. Indeed, there is a conscious and deliberate effort to distance the masses from what is true and authentic in order to move them into an artificially created environment, custom-made to stifle the human spirit.

The further away we are from truth, health, balance, and harmony, the easier we are to control. For this reason, it is essential, more than ever, to stay grounded and connected to what life is truly about.

We must reconnect with Life with a capital L. What is Life with a capital L might you ask? Well, like you, I am still finding out. However, I do know that, since the dawn of time, it has been represented by a simple yet powerful symbol: Picture a great big tree, with its massive roots firmly gripping the soil that is full of nutrients and its tall branches reaching for the rays of the sun. Across all ages and across all cultures, the symbol of the tree represents Life … with a capital L.

The Tree of Life can be found in the canons of countless religions and mythologies. It is an age-old archetype that symbolizes the connection between Earth and the heavens.

In nearly every case, the tree is associated with knowledge of life and a described as a key to immortality. Separated from the tree, Adam and Eve found themselves subject to physical and spiritual death. At the very end of the Bible, in Revelation, the same tree is mentioned again: An depiction of the Norse Yggdrasil — the tree of life. He was awarded Fellow status in the Obesity Society for his research on nutrition and weight control. Jahnke served as the Principal Investigator of two large-scale studies of the health and readiness of the U.

Fire Service and has published research on health behaviors of military personnel. She currently serves as the Principal Investigator of a study focused on the health of women firefighters funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Jahnke has published both qualitative and quantitative articles in the areas of obesity, tobacco, and health behaviors. She has served as a the principal investigator or co-investigator for a number of studies funded by the Department of Homeland Security, the National Institutes of Health, and the American Heart Association.

Jitnarin is involved in the conduct and analysis of a number of large cohort studies and randomized controlled trials focusing on firefighters and military personnel. Her research area currently focuses on both health and addictive behaviors research, particularly smoking and smokeless tobacco use.

She currently coordinates three studies: IN addition, this study also assesses brominated fire retardant concentration and toxicity of breast milk collected from a subsample lactating firefighters. Alexandre Laudet is an internationally recognized expert in addiction recovery. A social psychologist, her main goals are to build the science of recovery and to help translate findings into services and policy that create opportunities for long-term recovery and improved quality of life for people with substance problems.

She leads the Center for the Study of Addictions and Recovery and provides training and consultancy to government and community-based agencies on promoting opportunities for sustained recovery. She regularly publishes in peer-reviewed journals, presents at national and international conferences, and serves on the editorial board of several scientific publications. At the Vera Institute, Dr. Mateu-Gelabert was lead researcher of a National Institute of Justice grant that focused on adolescent violence, gangs, and immigration.

Mateu-Gelabert has over fifty peer-reviewed publications and has given numerous scientific presentations throughout the world. He was visiting professor at Hunter College School of Public Health and has provided seminars at several universities. In addition to his research and teaching experience, he is also a founding member of the Social Art Collective, a group that merges artistic and professional expertise using art as a conduit to generate social change.

Matusow served as the Project Director on a nationwide survey of US Drug Courts on barriers, attitudes, and availability of medication assisted treatment in drug courts. The results of this survey are cited in the National Association of Drug Court Professionals Best Practice Standards of as a rationale for a policy statement that Drug Courts learn about medication assisted treatment and obtain expert consultation from addiction physicians. As chair of the symposium entitled Drug Court Perspectives: Matusow moderated the discussion of evidence-based practices in Drug Courts with colleagues from the field and conducted a Webinar on MAT for the Center for Court Innovation, on which he serves on the Advisory Committee.

Other research interests include dual focus mutual aid for those with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders.

Larry Nuttbrock earned a PhD in sociology from Case Western Reserve University, specializing in medical sociology, and completed three years of post-doctoral training in psychiatric epidemiology from Columbia University. His research focuses primarily in the areas of obesity, tobacco control, and cardiovascular disease prevention with an emphasis on minority populations and military and first-responder health.

Poston has published over peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters and has presented at numerous national and international conferences and meetings on the etiology, assessment, and management of obesity, cardiovascular disease, and tobacco use. His research includes studies of mental disorders, substance use, and transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV and hepatitis C, through social networks and populations.

He is an experienced methodologist and quantitative analyst, with expertise in clinical assessment, scale development, clinical trials, survival analysis, mixed effects modeling, meta analysis and agent-based modeling.

Pouget is currently funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse as a Principal Investigator of a study to develop new measures of the pathways between social structural changes and HIV epidemics, and as a Co-Investigator of a study to assess change over time in risks of opioid misuse and overdose among recent US military veterans.

She is currently working on a project that examines co-parenting among cohabiting low-income black couples with children who live in high poverty areas in New York City R01HD , PI: The study seeks to examine how the family formation paradigm of transient domesticity influences parenting decisions, parental responsibilities, and child development. It employs the mixed-methods approach of a longitudinal panel study and an embedded ethnography over a five year period. Reid received her PhD in sociology from the University of Texas at Austin, where she focused on social inequalities, family, and social policy.

His research addiction-related interests include development and evaluation of psychosocial interventions, eLearning and eTherapy applications, and prevalence studies.

Most of his research activities have been funded by the NIH. Rosenblum is also PI on a Health and Human Services grant designed to develop policy recommendations for emergency preparedness and response for opioid treatment programs and, is a Co-investigator Dr. Alexander Bennett is PI on a prospective longitudinal study that is examining factors contributing to overdose among young veterans.

She has worked extensively with people who use drugs heroin, opioid analgesics, cocaine and been involved in research in the following topic areas: Simmons is co-editor and co-author with Drs.

She has also expanded her advocacy and training interests. She has developed two computer-based, overdose-prevention training modules with funding from NIDA: Simmons is working with Dr. She broadly identifies as a health and social geographer. Her research interests include infectious disease, women's health, political ecology of health and disease, disease surveillance, health policy and global health. Her research expertise lies in studying the distribution of HIV and identifying the sociopolitical and structural responses to these distributions.

Her current research investigates injection drug use-related HIV, and measuring the need for service provision and availability of services to this highly stigmatized and largely hidden population. In May , the Bureau of Land Management had authorized several new uranium exploration permits near the Grand Canyon, despite a congressional resolution the previous year barring new claims near the national park.

In March , three conservation groups filed a lawsuit to stop uranium exploration the Grand Canyon. It was the first of five such projects slated for the area. As a result of USFS policies, wildfires have gone from being high frequency, low-intensity events, which provide sustainability for certain ecosystems, to low-frequency, high-intensity events that make suppression of them futile, writes University of Maryland Professor Robert Nelson in his book A Burning Issue: A Case for Abolishing the U.

Due to the prolonged absence of fire and the reduction in timber harvests, the abundance of dead and dying trees provide a high fuel load and conditions for high-intensity fires that can cause enormous damage to soils, watersheds, fisheries, and other ecosystem components, Nelson argues. Many environmental groups that view natural fires as an integral part of ecosystem management have also criticized fire suppression efforts, claiming that it lacks scientific basis.

Meanwhile, firefighters and residents who live on forestland lobby heavily for fire suppression policies. A Historical Perspective U. Forest Roads or Forest Fires? Forest Service, pdf. Republican lawmakers set out in to approve the release of large tracts of public lands from government protection. The bill potentially affected six million acres of BLM wilderness study areas and as much as 36 million acres of roadless areas in the National Forest System.

Any BLM lands not designated as wilderness or under consideration for wilderness designation would have been eligible for release, under the legislation. Similarly, the Forest Service would have been compelled to let go of roadless areas not deemed wilderness or not recommended for such designation. The Obama administration opposed the bill, saying it would undermine the ability of both agencies to carry out resource conservation.

The USDA under President Barack Obama stirred controversy in December when it sought to change the nutrition guidelines for federally funded school lunch programs. Under new regulations developed by the USDA, the calorie intake of school lunches for primary students would be reduced to for each student, for middle school, and for high school students. The change also called for using more multigrain breads instead of white bread and making sure vegetable servings were really made up of vegetables.

Existing guidelines allowed for an eighth of a cup of tomato paste to equal one serving of vegetables, which allowed school lunches to serve pizza to meet its vegetable requirement. The changes sought to eliminate this loophole over the opposition of tomato farmers. The USDA also wanted to cut back on salt, potatoes, and saturated fats in school lunches, while boosting the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Adams, Los Angeles Times. The case was settled out of court 11 years ago, when the department found that black farmers had to wait three times longer for loans and subsidies. In October , U. On July 19, , Shirley Sherrod was forced to resign her position as Georgia State Director of Rural Development days after video excerpts were posted online by Andrew Breitbart, blogger and media commentator, which purported to show her making racist remarks to a gathering of the NAACP Freedom Fund.

Sherrod, who is black, was making precisely the opposite point with an uplifting story of how she helped a white family avoid loss of their farm through foreclosure in while employed at a private advocacy firm for African-American farmers.

Large sums of money are given annually through price supports for certain crops or farmers. These subsidies artificially keep American produce prices low on foreign markets, harming struggling foreign farmers, critics argue.

While a number of pundits still deny global warming science, in May , the U. Climate Change Science Program issued a report on the threats of climate change to agriculture and other key natural resources, which was authored by 38 researchers from universities, national laboratories, non-governmental organizations, and federal service. The USDA was the lead agency for the report and is using the findings to develop a new strategic plan for climate change research.

Shifts in plant productivity and type will likely also have significant impact on livestock operations. Higher temperatures will also likely reduce livestock production during the summer season, but these losses will likely be partially offset by warmer temperatures during the winter season.

Increased CO 2 and temperatures will also more rapidly progress the lifecycle grain and oilseed crops, but as temperature rises, these crops will increasingly begin to experience failure. Climate change will also likely lead to a northern migration of weeds, the report found. Climate Change Science Program. Climate Change Program Report. Downed cattle are prohibited from the food supply as the risks of infection, contamination, and disease are heightened with lame animals.

Following the story, these products were placed on hold, and million pounds of beef was recalled—the largest beef recall in U. The recall included beef products dating back to February of Statement by Secretary of Agriculture Ed Schafer. USDA officials maintain that they follow regulations as directed by the department and Congress, but those regulations are increasingly confusing or opaque.

Requirements for determining eligibility for RD assistance tend to be quite variable and even subjective, depending on the program itself and leaving room for lawmakers to weigh in. For some programs, assistance is limited to towns with populations below 2,, but for others numbers can reach up to 50,, and some census-based decisions can divide eligible communities by street or block.

Rural Aid Goes to Urban Areas: Gaul and Sarah Cohen, Washington Post. The report was in response to concerns raised by Senator Tom Harkin D-Iowa in on possible inflation of actual investigations conducted by the competition division in annual GIPSA reports to suggest a higher rate of enforcement activity.

The report confirmed accusations that top officials had intentionally blocked investigations by refusing to provide clearance for employees to conduct investigations and inflating the number of investigations to give the misleading appearance that the agency was responding to pressures to clamp down on anti-competitive practices and market concentration. The report identified three areas of material weaknesses: Additionally, it said the agency had not taken sufficient actions to strengthen operations in response to a finding previously reported by the Office of Inspector General in and the Government Accountability Organization GAO in The main issues of concern were that the GIPSA investigations were led by economists without the formal involvement of attorneys from the Office of General Counsel; and that the investigations process was designed for traditional trade practice and not suited to the more complex anti-competitive practices currently at issue.

In response, the bipartisan U. Packers and Stockyards Programs: In the second term of the George W. Bush administration, budget cutbacks resulted in the closing of FSA offices across the United States. Many farmers protested these cuts, as local FSA offices have been a crucial connection between farmers and the department since the s. Ben Nelson D-Nebraska launched an investigation after learning that the Department of Agriculture was skimming funds off of congressional earmarks.

Nelson asked the Congressional Research Service to investigate, which resulted in a finding that the federal government had no umbrella legal authority that allowed agencies to take a cut of each earmark and no overall standard for how much agencies should take. The amount taken from earmarks varied within an agency. The Food and Nutrition Service finds itself at the center of ideological battles that question the role of the state in dealing with poverty and welfare, as well as business and subsidies.

It is a complex debate that questions the causes and persistence of poverty. Compounding these questions are disagreements over how hunger and poverty are defined and quantified.

Often, the debate falls along party lines. Liberals focus on societal and systemic causes for poverty, such as disproportionate advantages and opportunities given to the middle class and wealthy. Many on the left see poverty as a societal creation and therefore a responsibility of government. Welfare programs are necessary to the marriage of capitalism and democracy, and welfare programs correct for market failures and redistribute wealth, allowing all members of democracy to be engaged in political and economic processes, many liberals argue.

The Poverty of Welfare: Congressional Food Stamp Challenge: Conservative opinions of poverty tend to reflect ideals of choice and personal responsibility. This view sees the poor as architects of their condition. To the Right, welfare programs reward laziness and encourage dependence.

Welfare programs hurt both the poor and society because they engender dependence, discourage ambition, and perpetuate the cycle of poverty, the report found. The agreement did away with all non-tariff barriers to agriculture, either immediately or phased out over periods of five to 15 years. The treaty also protected intellectual property rights and removed investment barriers. Furthermore, the parties to NAFTA formed the largest trading bloc in the world in terms of the members combined gross domestic product.

NAFTA also produced no shortage of opinions, both pro and con, about its merits. Supporters and opponents have been especially vocal in the U. United States Trade Representative. President Felipe Calderon defended the removal of protections for corn, beans, milk and sugar, while admitting the treaty was far from perfect for his country. Nevertheless, Calderon argued increased trade integration with the U. Case, Dallas Morning News. Some of the most vocal advocates for the treaty have been large corporations, which promised that the removal of trade barriers would create hundreds of thousands of new high-wage jobs, raise living standards in all three countries, improve environmental conditions and transform Mexico into a vibrant developed nation.

Even in Mexico, farmers disagreed with President Felipe Calderon, saying they feared the removal of barriers would result in a flood of cheap U. The result would be the loss of more farm jobs, on top of the two million already impacted by the treaty.

The farmers promised to continue their public protests of NAFTA until the government provided more support to the agricultural sector. Stiglitz, New York Times. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack called for policy reforms in to avoid another collapse of milk prices that put many dairy farmers out of business two years earlier. At that time, plummeting prices wreaked havoc for farmers, especially those in Wisconsin, which lost more than 2, dairy producers.

Without specifically endorsing any plans, Vilsack said he welcomed changes from Congress, noting that the U. Department of Agriculture had limited authority in imposing major changes in policy. Dairy Reform Necessary, U. Federal officials proposed revamping the U. Department of Agriculture USDA loan guarantee program so advanced biofuels projects could receive more assistance.

The plan for the Biorefinery Assistance Program, first proposed in Section in the Farm Bill, was intended to support the development and construction of new biorefineries and the remodel of existing facilities using eligible technologies beginning after Proposed changes included allowing loan guarantees to apply to the bond market, something they currently could not do. Officials said the change was necessary due to the difficulty of acquiring financing to support loan guarantees through commercial banks.

The USDA also wanted to allow foreign entrepreneurs to own domestic biofuel refineries, which was not permitted under existing regulations. In October , ZeaChem Inc. Among its other additional investors were companies from Japan and Australia. State of the Union The purpose of the new rule was to identify biobased products composed of a minimum amount of renewable plant or animal materials.

USDA officials said the labeling initiative would serve to more clearly identify biobased products and promote their sale. Ed Schafer , January 28, January 21, Johanns , January 21, - September 20, Veneman , January 20, - January 20, Back to Departments Back to Department of Agriculture.

Nutrition Food and Nutrition Service: Rural Development Rural Development: Marketing Farm Service Agency: Research Agricultural Research Service: The top contractor recipients and their percentage of all contracting during this time period include: Horse Slaughter Controversy Congress angered animal rights advocates in December when it lifted a ban on funding horsemeat inspections by the U. Coli Ban Representatives of the meat industry reacted angrily toward a proposal by the U.

Farming While a number of pundits still deny global warming science, in May , the U.

National Development and Research Institutes, Inc.